Hoplites were heavily armored soldier-citizens whose development paralleled that of the ancient Greek city-states they served. The term hoplite originates from the Greek word "hoplon," or shield.

The Greco-Persian Wars refers to a series of wars between the various city-states of Greece and the Persian Empire between 492 and 449 BC (though some historians put the earlier date at 499, at the

The Second Peloponnesian War, often referred to simply as “The Peloponnesian War,” was an epic struggle between the city-state of Athens and it’s aggressor, the Peloponnesian League.

Between 489 and 480 BC Athens expanded their fleet from 40 to 200 triremes, funded by a new silver mine discovered near Laurion.

460 BC - 445 BC

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