Thespis of Icaria is considered to be the first actor in the theatre. The English word “thespian,” which means actor, is derived from his name.

Sophocles was one of the most awarded playwrights in Athens and one of the three great Greek tragedians whose work has survived into modern times (the others being Aeschylus and Euripides).

When it comes to the theatre, any theatre, Athenian playwright Aeschylus is certainly one of the most important writers to have created words for actors to speak. Although he was not the first playwright in ancient Athens, he is credited with having brought Greek Tragedy to maturity. Often called the Father of Tragedy, Aeschylus was born about nine years after the first actor in the Athenian theatre, Thespis, gave his first performance.

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